What are the different types of pumps and their applications?
- Submersible clean water pump
- Centrifugal pump
- Jet pump
- Peripheral pump
- Hand pump
A pump is a device that is designed to move fluids from one place to another. There are also pumps used to displace air. The first pumps were used to transport water, such as in waterwheels. In the Middle ages, the suction pump was developed for mining operations. Today, there are various kinds of pumping devices that are used for different purposes. In this article, you will learn the different types of pumps and their applications. Keep on reading.
Submersible Water Pump
A submersible pump is one of the most commonly used water pumps and is also called a bell pump. The device is used mainly for draining water — such as pumping rising water out of basements, boats, or other flooded areas of concern. They can also be used to drain pool water, pump groundwater for fire-fighting, drain wastewater, and more.
A submersible water pump is made of a suction grid where the water is drawn. After that, the liquid is transferred through the pump body and goes to the delivery connection to leave the pump. There, a discharge hose is attached to drain the water.
Depending on the type of water pumped, there are various water pumps available in the market. For instance, clean-water submersible pumps are mainly used for rainwater or other forms of clean water. On the other hand, there are also pumps used for dirty water that contains particles such as sand. For coarser materials and large solid particles, heavy-duty models are needed.
A centrifugal pump is a machine that can transfer fluids through an increase in pressure. These are usually made by an impeller made of blades that rotates and transmits kinetic energy to the fluid pumped. The fluid being pumped goes through the suction nozzle, then to the casing.
There are three types of centrifugal pumps.
- Axial flow pumps can produce water flow along the direction of the impeller shaft.
- Radial flow pumps direct the flow perpendicular to the shaft.
- Mixed flow pumps combine the capabilities of a radial and axial flow pump.
Centrifugal pumps are mainly used for pumping water, oils, solvents, acids, and other thin liquids. These are found in industrial, agricultural, and domestic applications. You can find them being used in water supply for residential areas, food and beverage manufacturing, fire protection systems, and more.
A jet pump is mainly used to draw water from a well, providing potable water or domestic water. The pump works like a jet engine that uses high amounts of pressure. It is also commonly found in residential and commercial irrigation and sprinkler systems. Jet pumps are used above ground.
Jet pumps will vary depending on the depth of the well. A shallow well jet pump can move water from wells that have a maximum depth of 25 feet. Other than that, There are jet pumps that can transport water in wells of up to 200 feet — which are called deep well jet pumps. These can transport water quickly over long distances better, too.
A peripheral pump is another type of pump that can transport liquids from one place to another. It looks like a centrifugal pump, but the inside is different. The liquids are pumped into a peripheral channel. The fluid will go through the circumference with increasing pressure. Peripheral pumps are also referred to as turbine pumps or regenerative pumps.
The advantage of using a peripheral pump is they are compact in design. You can achieve low flow rates at higher pressures without a gearbox. Peripheral pumps are used for water supply and machinery applications. They’re useful for applications that require medium to high-pressure liquid transfer.
A hand pump is a must-have for bicycle enthusiasts. This kind of pump uses a hand-operated piston that sucks air from the outside during an upward movement and pumps the air into the tires during a downward movement.
A hand pump is a manually operated pump, so anyone can use it easily to inflate their bicycle’s tires. Hand pumps for bicycles are compact, so they can be easily stored in a cabinet or garage for later use.
Pumps are used for numerous applications, either to transport water or move air. They’re essential for different industries, whether industrial, commercial, or residential.
Now that you know the different types of pumps and their applications, you can choose which one will fit your needs. If you’re looking for quality pumps, you can find them here at Tolsen. We ship nationwide, so you can order one today. Other than pumps, we can also provide you with power tools, hand tools, garden tools, and many more.